Prof. Peter Moczo
Faculty of Mathematics, Physics and Informatics, Comenius University,
Bratislava, Slovakia Geophysical Institute, Slovak Academy of Sciences,
Bratislava, Slovakia

"The finite-difference and finite-element modeling of seizmic wave propagation and earthquake motion"

15:30 Coffee and Refreshment
15:55 Introduction of the speaker
16:00 Talk
17:00 Coffee and Refreshment
Date: 19. June 2007 (Tuesday)
Place: seminar room 295, Institute of Physics, Dúbravská cesta 9, Bratislava (Patrónka)

Abstract: In this talk we will present the last issue of Acta Physica Slovaca (APS 57, No.2, 177-406 (2007)). Numerical modeling of seismic wave propagation and earthquake motion is an irreplaceable tool in investigation of the Earth's structure, processes in the Earth, and particularly earthquake phenomena. Among various numerical methods, the finite-difference method is the dominant method in the modeling of earthquake motion. Moreover, it is becoming more important in the seismic exploration and structural modeling. At the same time we are convinced that the best time of the finite-difference method in seismology is in the future.
This monograph provides tutorial and detailed introduction to the application of the finite-difference (FD), finite-element (FE), and hybrid FD-FE methods to the modeling of seismic wave propagation and earthquake motion. The text does not cover all topics and aspects of the methods. We focus on those to which we have contributed.
We present alternative formulations of equation of motion for a smooth elastic continuum. We then develop alternative formulations for a canonical problem with a welded material interface and free surface. We continue with a model of an earthquake source. We complete the general theoretical introduction by a chapter on the constitutive laws for elastic and viscoelastic media, and brief review of strong formulations of the equation of motion. What follows is a block of chapters on the finite-difference and finite-element methods. We develop FD targets for the free surface and welded material interface. We then present various FD schemes for a smooth continuum, free surface, and welded interface. We focus on the staggered-grid and mainly optimally-accurate FD schemes. We also present alternative formulations of the FE method. We include the FD and FE implementations of the traction-at-split-nodes method for simulation of dynamic rupture propagation. The FD modeling is applied to the model of the deep sedimentary Grenoble basin, France. The FD and FE methods are combined in the hybrid FD-FE method. The hybrid method is then applied to two earthquake scenarios for the Grenoble basin.
Except chapters 1, 3, 5, and 12, all chapters include new, previously unpublished material and results.

APS Colloquium

Acta Physica Slovaca 57, No. 2, 177-406 (230 pages)

Downloadable pdf of the full paper